D-Aspartate oxidase (EC 22.214.171.124), which is highly specific to D-aspartate, was inducibly produced by a yeast strain which was isolated from soil and identified as Cryptococcus humicolus UJ1. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity as indicated on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The molecular mass of the monomer subunit was determined to be 40 kDa. The native enzyme was suggested to be a homotetramer by its behavior on gel filtration. The enzyme was shown to be a flavoprotein by its absorption spectral properties, and the flavin was found to be tightly, but not covalently, bound FAD. The purified preparation had a specific activity of 76.1 mumol/min per mg protein with D-aspartate as substrate. Optimum pH was 7.5 and optimum temperature was around 35 degrees C. D-Glutamate was a very poor substrate for the enzyme. N-Methyl-D-aspartate was better than D-glutamate as substrate but markedly poorer than D-aspartate. Malonate was the most effective competitive inhibitor of the compounds tested. The N-terminal amino-acid sequence of the enzyme showed a significant homology with those of D-aspartate oxidases from beef kidney and Octopus vulgaris and those of D-amino-acid oxidases from various sources.