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Pulsed-Field Gradient NMR Self Diffusion and Ionic Conductivity Measurements for Liquid Electrolytes Containing LiBF4 and Propylene Carbonate

Authors
  • Richardson, P.M.
  • Voice, A.M.
  • Ward, I.M.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Electrochimica Acta
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Accepted Date
Mar 14, 2014
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.03.072
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Liquid electrolytes have been prepared using lithium tetrafluoroborate (LiBF4) and propylene carbonate (PC). Pulsed-field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance (PFG-NMR) measurements were taken for the cation, anion and solvent molecules using lithium (Li7), fluorine (F19) and hydrogen (H1) nuclei, respectively. It was found that lithium diffusion was slow compared to the much larger fluorinated BF4 anion likely resulting from a large solvation shell of the lithium. Ionic conductivity and viscosity have also been measured for a range of salt concentrations and temperatures. By comparing the measured conductivity with a ideal predicted conductivity derived from the Nernst-Einstein equation and self diffusion coefficients the degree of ionic association of the anion and cation was determined and was observed to increase with salt concentration and temperature. Using the measured viscosity and self diffusion coefficients the effective radius of each of the species was determined for various salt concentrations.

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