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Pulse oximetry curves in healthy children living at moderate altitude: a cross-sectional study from the Ecuadorian Andes

Authors
  • Andrade, Vinicio1
  • Andrade, Felipe1
  • Riofrio, Pablo1
  • Nedel, Fúlvio B.2, 3
  • Martin, Miguel1, 2, 4
  • Romero-Sandoval, Natalia1, 2
  • 1 Universidad Internacional del Ecuador, Av. Simón Bolívar and Av. Jorge Fernández. Quito, Quito, Ecuador , Quito (Ecuador)
  • 2 Grups de Recerca d’Amèrica i ÀfricaLlatines– GRAAL, Barcelona, Spain , Barcelona (Spain)
  • 3 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brasil , Florianópolis (Brazil)
  • 4 Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain , Barcelona (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Pediatrics
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Sep 18, 2020
Volume
20
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12887-020-02334-z
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundIn populations above 3,000 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l.) normal values of oxygen saturation (SpO2) above 90% have been reported. Few studies have been conducted in cities of moderate altitude (between 2,500 and 3,000 m a.s.l). We set out to describe the range of SpO2 values measured with a pulse oximeter in healthy children between 1 month and 12 years of age living in an Ecuadorian Andean city.MethodsA cross-sectional study was carried out in Quito, Ecuador, located at 2,810 m a.s.l. SpO2 measurement in healthy children of ages ranging from 1 month to 12 years of age residents in the city were recorded by pulse oximetry. Age and gender were recorded, and median and 2.5th and 5th percentile were drawn. Non parametric tests were used to compare differences in SpO2 values by age and gender.Results1,378 healthy children were included for the study, 719 (52.2%) males. The median SpO2 for the entire population was 94.5%. No differences were observed between SpO2 median values by age and gender. The 2.5th percentile for global SpO2 measurements was 90%, in children under 5 years of age was 91% and it was 90% in children older than 7.ConclusionsOur results provide SpO2 values for healthy children from 1 to 12 years old residents in Quito, a city of moderate altitude. The SpO2 percentile curve could contribute as a healthy range for the clinical evaluation of children residing at this altitude.

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