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Pulmonary Functional Imaging for Lung Adenocarcinoma: Combined MRI Assessment Based on IVIM-DWI and OE-UTE-MRI

  • Liu, Hui1
  • Zheng, Liyun2
  • Shi, Gaofeng1
  • Xu, Qian1
  • Wang, Qi1
  • Zhu, Hongshan1
  • Feng, Hui1
  • Wang, Lijia1
  • Zhang, Ning1
  • Xue, Meng1
  • Dai, Yongming2
  • 1 Department of Radiology, Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang , (China)
  • 2 MR Collaboration, Central Research Institute, United Imaging Healthcare, Shanghai , (China)
Published Article
Frontiers in Oncology
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jul 06, 2021
DOI: 10.3389/fonc.2021.677942
  • Oncology
  • Original Research


Purpose The goal of current study was to introduce noninvasive and reproducible MRI methods for in vivo functional assessment of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Methods Forty-four patients with pathologically confirmed LUAD were included in this study. All the lesions were classified as adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), or invasive adenocarcinoma (IA). The IA lesions were further divided into five subtype patterns, including acinar, lepidic, papillary, micropapillary and solid. Tumors were grouped depending on predominant subtype: low grade (AIS, MIA or lepidic predominant), intermediate grade (papillary or acinar predominant) and high grade (micropapillary, or solid predominant). Spirometry was performed according to American Thoracic Society guidelines. For each patient, Intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) analysis and oxygen-enhanced MRI (OE-MRI) analysis were performed. Spearman’s test was used to assess the relationship between a) whole lung mean percent signal enhancement (PSE) and pulmonary function tests (PFTs) parameters; b) IVIM-derived parameters and PFTs parameters; c) tumor mean PSE and IVIM-derived parameters. Kruskal -Wallis tests were applied to test the difference of tumor mean PSE and IVIM-derived parameters between different histological tumor grades. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic performance. Results Whole lung mean PSE was significantly positively correlated with PFTs parameters (r = 0.40 ~ 0.44, P < 0.05). f value derived from IVIM-DWI was significantly negatively correlated with PFTs parameters (r = -0.38 ~ -0.47, P < 0.05). Both tumor mean PSE (P = 0.030 < 0.05) and f (P = 0.022 < 0.05) could differentiate different histological grades. f was negatively correlated with tumor mean PSE (r = -0.61, P < 0.001). For the diagnostic performance, the combination of tumor mean PSE and f outperformed than using tumor mean PSE or f alone in both sensitivity and area under the ROC curve. Conclusions The combined measurement of OE-MRI and IVIM-DWI may serve as a promising method for the noninvasive and non-radiation evaluation of pulmonary function. Quantitative analyses achieved by OE-MRI and IVIM-DWI offer an approach of the classification of LUAD subtypes.

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