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Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis: A Case Report and Literature Review

Authors
  • alčauskas;, tadas
Publication Date
May 12, 2022
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/medicina58050655
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/1648-9144/58/5/655/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Coccidioidomycosis is an infectious disease caused by Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii fungus. Humans usually get infected by inhaling spores risen from the soil. Although in 60 percent of cases symptoms are absent, remaining patients can develop various manifestations of the disease, from flu-like symptoms to severe dissemination or meningitis. In endemic regions (California, Arizona, Mexico, Central, and South America), pulmonary coccidioidomycosis causes 25% of community-acquired cases of pneumonia. We present the first registered case of pulmonary coccidioidomycosis in Lithuania. Clinical presentation, pathogenesis, treatment options, and diagnostic alternatives are discussed.

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