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Public Space and Solid Waste Facilities in Makkah

Authors
  • Osra, Faisal A.
  • Osra, Khalid A.
  • Jones, Paul
  • Osra, Oumr A.
  • Suhartini, Ninik
  • Alzahrani, Jaber S.
  • Mirza, Agha Zeeshan
Type
Published Article
Journal
Arabian Journal of Geosciences
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
May 09, 2022
Volume
15
Issue
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12517-022-10231-1
PMCID: PMC9080979
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Paper
License
Unknown

Abstract

Rapid urban development and modernization in Makkah have led to an increase in urban infrastructure needs. The city of Makkah is a main destination for the global Islamic pilgrimage and is highly utilized for major infrastructure and building expansion including processes of densification. As a consequence of Hajj and Umrah activities, the city experiences a major annual upward trajectory of public space usage and solid waste production which caters to the needs of temporary activities targeted to foreign visitors. These circumstances lead to issues of inefficiencies in the management of public services in the city, particularly in the provision of public space and solid waste management for residents. Within this context, the aim of this paper is to understand the development of public space in Makkah and the level of services delivered to local residents based on residents’ perspectives on services provided in formal and informal settlements in Makkah. The study contributes to the gap in research on public space and waste handling in Makkah. Interviews addressing resident characteristics and public space with the quality of solid waste provision in Makkah are presented. An explanation of residents’ preferences for public space was also presented. At different times of the day, in the year 2018, the observations were carried out to identify usage patterns by the residents. The paper accomplishes this by presenting significant points for developments in community space and solid waste management.

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