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Public and healthcare providers awareness of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia

Authors
  • AL-Rasheedi, Mabrouk1
  • Alhazmi, Yasir2
  • Mateq Ali, ALreshidi3
  • ALrajhi, Maha4
  • Alharbi, Nayef Samah5
  • Alsuhaibani, Somayah4
  • Mohammed, Alrashidi6
  • Alharbi, Ghaleb7
  • 1 ALbukairah General Hospital, Ministry of Health, Albukairah, Saudi Arabia
  • 2 Clinical Pharmacy Department, King Faisal Medical City, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • 3 Medical laboratory Sciences, Sulaiman ALrajhi University, Albukairah, Saudi Arabia
  • 4 Clinical Pharmacy Department College of Pharmacy, Qassim University, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia
  • 5 Qassim Mental Health Hospital, Ministry of Health, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia
  • 6 Irada Complex for Mental Health- Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • 7 Prince Mohammed Bin Abdulaziz Medical City, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia
Type
Published Article
Journal
Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Sep 10, 2020
Volume
28
Issue
1
Pages
90–98
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.08.035
PMID: 32934461
PMCID: PMC7482608
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Review
License
Unknown

Abstract

Background The rapid and extensive spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has become a major cause of concern for both general public and healthcare profession. Objective The aim of this study is to analyze and evaluate the awareness of both the general public and healthcare providers in Qassim region in Saudi Arabia. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted randomly in different shopping malls in Qassim region from 10th of February to 10th of March 2020. All participants have answered the designed questionnaire. The structured questionnaire recorded demographics and awareness of both public participants as well as health care providers. Result A total of 130 participants have answered the designed questionnaire, out of which 67participants were males (58.5%) and 54 were females (41.5%). Overall, 129 (99%) out of the 130 participants are aware of COVID-19, and 116 (90%) have recognize it as a respiratory disease and 100% of the participants have recognized it as a contagious disease. Around 94% of the participants were able to recognize the correct incubation period of the virus. Participants of the age group 20–40 showed higher awareness level than other age groups (P value = 0.005). In addition, government employees showed higher awareness level than other profession groups (P = 0.039). Results showed significant positive correlation between the recognition of high-risk groups, reliable source of information, infection symptoms, disease prevention and available treatments . Conclusion General public and health care professionals from Qassim Region showed adequate awareness of COVID-19. However, there is a strong need to implement periodic educational interventions and training programs on infection control practices for COVID-19 across all healthcare professions.

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