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Public Awareness and Mask Usage during the COVID-19 Epidemic: A Survey by China CDC New Media

Authors
  • SUN, Cheng Xi1
  • HE, Bin2
  • MU, Di3
  • LI, Pei Long4
  • ZHAO, Hong Ting3
  • LI, Zhi Li3
  • ZHANG, Mu Li3
  • FENG, Lu Zhao3
  • ZHENG, Jian Dong3
  • CHENG, Ying3
  • CUI, Ying2
  • LI, Zhong Jie3
  • 1 Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan 250014, Shandong, China
  • 2 Health Communication Center, Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
  • 3 Division of Infectious Disease, Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Early-warning on Infectious Disease, Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
  • 4 Division of Epidemiology, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences
Publisher
The Editorial Board of Biomedical and Environmental Sciences. Published by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd.
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2020
Volume
33
Issue
8
Pages
639–645
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3967/bes2020.085
PMID: 32933618
PMCID: PMC7523132
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Letter to the Editor
License
Unknown

Abstract

An online survey conducted March 18–19, 2020 on the official China CDC WeChat account platform was used to evaluate the effect of public education about masks usage during the new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. Chinese nationals older than 18 were eligible for the survey. The survey collected 5,761 questionnaires from the 31 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions of mainland China. 99.7% and 97.2% of the respondents answered correctly that respiratory droplets and direct contact were the main transmission routes. 73.3% of the respondents considered COVID-19 to be ‘serious’ or ‘very serious’. When going to the hospital, 96.9% (2,885/2,976 had gone to a hospital) used a mask during the COVID-19 epidemic, while 41.1% (2,367/5,761) did not use a mask before the epidemic. Among the respondents that used public transportation and went shopping, 99.6% and 99.4%, respectively, wore masks. Among respondents who returned to work, 75.5% wore a mask at the workplace, while 86.3% of those who have not returned to work will choose to use masks when they return to the workplace. The Chinese public is highly likely to use a mask during COVID-19 epidemic, and the mask usage changed greatly since the COVID-19 outbreak. Therefore, public education has played an important role during the COVID-19 epidemic.

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