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Public awareness in Egypt about COVID-19 spread in the early phase of the pandemic

Authors
  • Elgendy, Marwa O.1, 2
  • El-Gendy, Ahmed O.3
  • Abdelrahim, Mohamed E.A.4
  • 1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Teaching Hospital of Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
  • 2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Nahda University, Egypt
  • 3 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
  • 4 Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
Type
Published Article
Journal
Patient education and counseling
Publication Date
Sep 05, 2020
Volume
103
Issue
12
Pages
2598–2601
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2020.09.002
PMID: 32912808
PMCID: PMC7833955
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective This study aimed to evaluate public awareness in Egypt related to the coronavirus. Methods An online structured survey was conducted during March and April 2020 to assess coronavirus knowledge. The questionnaire was divided into 6 parts consisting of 39 questions for a total possible score of 0 to 39; to assess the participants’ general knowledge [10 items]; symptoms knowledge [2 items]; transmission knowledge [6 items]; preventive knowledge [4 items]; treatment knowledge [6 items], and public knowledge of governmental and international efforts [10 items]. Results A total of 726 participants participated, 97.5% of them knew the main clinical symptoms of coronaviruses. 99% believed that following the etiquette of coughing, sneezing, or wearing a medical mask is important to reduce infection transmission. 80.5% of the participants believed that there is no effective treatment or vaccine available for the coronavirus. The important role of the international organizations to overcome the coronavirus was known by (92.3%). 65.2% believed that the Ministry of Health provided reliable data on the number of infections or death. 27.9% of the participants consider coronavirus infection as a stigma. The average score of this survey was 31.75/39 (81.4%) regarding the knowledge about the disease. Conclusion Overall, the study participants’ had good knowledge of coronavirus and the international efforts to confront the coronavirus. Practice implications Further study is required to evaluate the effect of such good knowledge on decreasing the infection rate.

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