The concept of using the pubic bone as a support for the bladder neck and urethra in the treatment of women with genuine stress urinary incontinence is well established, and is applied in traditional procedures such as Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz and the Burch colposuspensions. Recently, minimally invasive techniques, including the use of laparoscopic surgery and pubic bone anchoring systems, have been introduced. These new techniques, attempt to combine the advantages of retropubic procedures while remaining minimally invasive. A search of the English literature was carried out, traditional and new procedures using the pubic bone as a support for the bladder neck and urethra are described, and their efficacy and complications are reviewed and discussed. Traditional procedures have proved to be highly effective and well tolerated, with good long-term outcomes. The early results of innovative minimally invasive techniques are promising, but further experience and longer follow-up is needed to establish their role in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence.