Many women with gynecological cancer report psychosocial distress, and clarification of the risks, vulnerabilities, and protective factors is required. The aim of this study was to investigate the lived experience of gynecological cancer patients and to understand the factors that underlie psychosocial distress. Semi-structured interviews with seven women diagnosed with gynecological cancer revealed the role of social support, or its absence, selective withholding of information, and existential loneliness in women's experience of distress. Social support provided a buffer against distress, while feelings of alienation and being alone exacerbated distress. Interventions to address these concerns may lead to improved quality of life for this patient group.