Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Psychosocial Adjustment and Sociometric Status in Primary Education: Gender Differences.

Authors
  • Muñoz-Silva, Alicia1
  • De la Corte de la Corte, Cecilia1
  • Lorence-Lara, Bárbara2
  • Sanchez-Garcia, Manuel3
  • 1 Department of Social, Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 2 Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 Department of Clinical and Experimental Psychology, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain. , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
11
Pages
607274–607274
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.607274
PMID: 33363499
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The acceptance or rejection of classmates is one of the most widely recognized determinants of wellbeing in childhood. This study analyses psychosocial adjustment and sociometric status in primary education pupils, and possible differences by gender. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken in Huelva (Spain). The surveyed schools were selected using a stratified random sampling technique with both public and private elementary schools. Sample was composed of 247 4th grade students. Data revealed gender differences in psychosocial adjustment, particularly in terms of prosocial behavior in girls and behavioral problems in boys. Popular and rejected statuses presented opposing adjustment profiles, particularly in hyperactive symptoms and behavioral problems. When the sample was separated by gender, the differences between the types of status in emotional symptomatology and prosocial behavior disappeared. In addition, the differences between statuses were greater in boys, and were defined mainly by hyperactivity, whilst for girls these differences were more apparent in behavioral problems. Copyright © 2020 Muñoz-Silva, De la Corte de la Corte, Lorence-Lara and Sanchez-Garcia.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times