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A Psychometric Study of a Spanish Version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised: Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

Authors
  • Dujo López, Víctor1
  • González Trijueque, David2
  • Graña Gómez, José L1
  • Andreu Rodríguez, José M1
  • 1 Department of Personality, Assessment and Clinical Psychology I, Faculty of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 2 Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Francisco de Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
11
Pages
1856–1856
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01856
PMID: 32903298
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The NAQ (Negative Acts Questionnaire) has been widely used in more than 40 countries to measure the mobbing phenomenon. This research aims to present a psychometric study based on the Spanish version of the NAQ-R carried out by González-Trijueque and Graña (2013). As opposed to the original scale, this sample contains 23 items and a three-dimension model (personal bullying, work-related bullying, and physically intimidating forms of bullying). We used a heterogeneous occupational sample of 2,538 Spanish employees to analyze internal consistency and concurrent validity. In addition, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis was carried out based on the GLS (generalized least squares) method. Results showed high internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.91) and high correlations containing clinical symptoms, burn-out indicators, and coping resources. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis developed upon the heterogeneous occupational sample validates the three-dimension structure in the Spanish version of the NAQ-R aimed to measure harassment behaviors at the workplace. The NAQ-R reaffirms its validity and reliability as a measure for mobbing-related behaviors. Hence, the scale may become a useful tool in research and forensic practice. Copyright © 2020 Dujo López, González Trijueque, Graña Gómez and Andreu Rodríguez.

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