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Psychological effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in health professionals: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Authors
  • da Silva, Flaviane Cristine Troglio1
  • Neto, Modesto Leite Rolim2
  • 1 Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC (FMABC), Santo André, SP, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 2 School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Cariri (UFCA), Barbalha, CE, Brazil. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry
Publication Date
Aug 06, 2020
Volume
104
Pages
110062–110062
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.110062
PMID: 32771337
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Psychological suffering by health professionals may be associated with the uncertainty of a safe workplace. Front-line professionals exposed and involved in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 patients are more susceptible. This review was conducted based on papers that were published at MEDLINE, BMJ, PsycINFO, and LILACS, the according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). Health professionals had a higher level of anxiety (13.0 vs. 8.5%, p < 0.01, OR = 1.6152; 95%CI 1.3283 to 1.9641; p < 0.0001) and depression 12.2 vs. 9.5%; p = 0.04; OR = 1.3246; 95%CI 1.0930 to 1.6053; p = 0.0042), besides somatizations and insomnia compared to professionals from other areas. Health professionals, regardless of their age, showed significant levels of mental disorders. We observed a prevalence of anxiety and depression. Insomnia was a risk factor for both. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.

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