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Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioners Meeting Rural Mental Health Challenges.

Authors
  • Finley, Brooke A1
  • 1 Brooke A. Finley, MSN, PMHNP-BC, RN-BC, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA; The Meadows Behavioral Health, Wickenburg, AZ, USA; FasPsych, LLC, Scottsdale, AZ, USA; Grand Canyon University, Phoenix, AZ, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
26
Issue
1
Pages
97–101
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1078390319886357
PMID: 31729273
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the current rural mental health system crisis in the United States and how psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners (PMHNPs) can holistically mitigate this systemic issue. METHOD: Respective to the objective, relevant literature is reviewed. RESULTS: PMHNPs have successfully increased access to care in underserved rural communities by practicing at the fullest extent of their scope without mandated supervision, utilizing telepsychiatry practice, while expanding PMHNP rural mental health education and research to meet and absolve pressing rural mental health challenges. CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence supports that rural mental health care improves when PMHNPs have full scope of practice, utilize telepsychiatry, engage in related scholarly activity, and have formalized education and training for rural health care delivery, which collectively answer the professional and moral call serving the underserved rural population with mental illness.

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