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Psychiatric comorbidity and progression in drug use in adult male twins: implications for the design of genetic association studies.

Authors
  • Todorov, Alexandre A
  • Lynskey, Michael T
  • Grant, Julia D
  • Scherrer, Jeffrey F
  • Todd, Richard D
  • Bucholz, Kathleen Keenan
Type
Published Article
Journal
Addictive Behaviors
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2006
Volume
31
Issue
6
Pages
948–961
Identifiers
PMID: 16713123
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Psychiatric comorbidity with drug dependence has been widely documented. In the present study, we reanalyze DSM-III-R diagnostic data on middle-aged male twin pairs from the VETR study using latent class methods. We identify four subtypes based on 15 diagnostic categories. We then show that these subtypes are strongly associated with differential rates of transitions in drug use histories, with increased risks in relatives for depression, alcohol, drug and ASPD, as well as with a variety of non-normative and deviant behaviors in youth and in adulthood. We use the result of these analyses to show how the use of a particular drug disorder phenotype for selecting cases could impact final sample composition.

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