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Proximal metatarsal osteotomies: a comparative geometric analysis conducted on sawbone models.

Authors
  • Nyska, Meir
  • Trnka, Hans-Jörg
  • Parks, Brent G
  • Myerson, Mark S
Type
Published Article
Journal
Foot & ankle international
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2002
Volume
23
Issue
10
Pages
938–945
Identifiers
PMID: 12398147
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We evaluated the change in position of the first metatarsal head using a three-dimensional digitizer on sawbone models. Crescentic, closing wedge, oblique shaft (Ludloff 8 degrees and 16 degrees), reverse oblique shaft (Mau 8 degrees and 16 degrees), rotational "Z" (Scarf), and proximal chevron osteotomies were performed and secured using 3-mm screws. The 16 degrees Ludloff provided the most lateral shift (9.5 mm) and angular correction (14.5 degrees) but also produced the most elevation (1.4 mm) and shortening (2.9 mm). The 8 degrees Ludloff provided lateral and angular corrections similar to those of the crescentic and closing wedge osteotomies with less elevation and shortening. Because the displacement osteotomies (Scarf, proximal chevron) provided less angular correction, the same lateral displacement, and less shortening than the basilar angular osteotomies, based upon this model they can be more reliably used for a patient with a mild to moderate deformity, a short first metatarsal, or an intermediate deformity with a large distal metatarsal articular angle. These results can serve as recommendations for selecting the optimal osteotomy with which to correct a deformation.

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