This study evaluated the efficacy of the provisional extension to induce complete attachment (PETTICOAT) technique for type B and postoperative residual type B aortic dissections compared with the conventional thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) technique. In this retrospective study, we compared sequential aortic morphologic changes in consecutive patients with type B and postoperative residual type B aortic dissections treated with the PETTICOAT technique between January 2016 and December 2017 with patients treated with the conventional TEVAR between January 2013 and December 2015. Outcomes included aortic remodeling and aorta-related adverse events for 2 years postoperatively. Forty-eight patients were included in this study (24 in the PETTICOAT group, 24 patients in the conventional TEVAR group). Although both groups showed aortic remodeling in the descending thoracic aorta, the PETTICOAT group developed significantly better aortic remodeling in the abdominal aorta compared with the conventional TEVAR group during the observation period. The PETTICOAT group had significantly fewer aorta-related adverse events compared with the conventional TEVAR group (8% vs 54%; P < .001). Aorta-related adverse events more commonly occurred in the poor remodeling group compared with in the good remodeling group (P = .001; hazard ratio, 8.32; 95% confidence interval, 2.26-30.64). This study suggests that the PETTICOAT technique for aortic dissection may promote aortic remodeling and decrease the incidence of aorta-related adverse events. Additional studies are required to confirm these preliminary findings. Copyright © 2020 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.