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Providing Supportive Hospital Environments to Promote the Language Development of Infants and Children Born Prematurely: Insights From Neuroscience.

Authors
  • Gormley, Jessica E
  • Williams, Diane L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of pediatric health care : official publication of National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates & Practitioners
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Volume
33
Issue
5
Pages
520–528
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2019.01.007
PMID: 30871967
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Rapid neural development occurs beginning in utero and extending throughout a child's first years of life, shaped by environmental input, which is essential for language learning. If this development is disrupted by premature birth and/or related repeated hospitalizations, atypical language development may result even in the absence of severe neurologic damage. This narrative review describes typical neurodevelopment associated with language and the atypical neurodevelopment often experienced by children born prematurely that can adversely affect their language development. We describe evidence-based intervention strategies applicable in the hospital setting that can support the language development of young children who are born prematurely. To promote neurodevelopmental growth that will support language learning, children born prematurely need to engage in supportive interactions with others. Awareness of evidence-based strategies can equip health care staff to provide a supportive hospital environment to promote the language development of children born premature. Copyright © 2019 National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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