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Proteomic analysis of extracellular vesicles from medullospheres reveals a role for iron in the cancer progression of medulloblastoma

Authors
  • Bisaro, Brigitte1
  • Mandili, Giorgia2
  • Poli, Alice3
  • Piolatto, Andrea4
  • Papa, Valentina5
  • Novelli, Francesco4
  • Cenacchi, Giovanna5
  • Forni, Marco4
  • Zanini, Cristina1
  • 1 EuroClone S.p.A Research Laboratory, Molecular Biotechnology Centre (MBC), University of Turin, Turin, Italy , Turin (Italy)
  • 2 Centre for Experimental and Clinical Studies CERMS, Azienda Universitaria Ospedaliera Città della Salute e della Scienza Città di Torino, Turin, Italy , Turin (Italy)
  • 3 BioDigitalValley srl, Pont-Saint-Martin (AO), Turin, Italy , Turin (Italy)
  • 4 University of Turin, Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Heath Sciences, Turin, Italy , Turin (Italy)
  • 5 Alma Mater University of Bologna, Department of Neuromotor and Biomedical Sciences, Bologna, Italy , Bologna (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular and Cellular Therapies
Publisher
"ClinTransMed, AB"
Publication Date
Oct 13, 2015
Volume
3
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40591-015-0045-3
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundMedulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant childhood brain tumor with the propensity to disseminate at an early stage, and is associated with high morbidity. New treatment strategies are needed to improve cure rates and to reduce life-long cognitive and functional deficits associated with current therapies. Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) are important players in cell-to-cell communication in health and diseases. A clearer understanding of cell-to-cell communication in tumors can be achieved by studying EV secretion in medullospheres. This can reveal subtle modifications induced by the passage from adherent to non-adherent growth, as spheres may account for the adaptation of tumor cells to the mutated environment.MethodsFormation of medullospheres from MB cell lines stabilized in adherent conditions was obtained through culture conditioning based on low attachment flasks and specialized medium. EVs collected by ultracentrifugation, in adherent conditions and as spheres, were subjected to electron microscopy, NanoSight measurements and proteomics.ResultsInterestingly, iron carrier proteins were only found in EVs shed by CSC-enriched tumor cell population of spheres. We used iron chelators when culturing MB cell lines as spheres. Iron chelators induced a decrease in number/size of spheres and in stem cell populations able to initiate in vitro spheres formation.ConclusionsThis work suggests a not yet identified role of iron metabolism in MB progression and invasion and opens the possibility to use chelators as adjuvants in anti-tumoral chemotherapy.

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