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Proteolytic enzymes as a limitation for pulmonary absorption of insulin: in vitro and in vivo investigations.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Pharmaceutics
0378-5173
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
192
Issue
2
Pages
115–121
Identifiers
PMID: 10567743
Source
Medline

Abstract

In vitro biodegradation of insulin in lung cytosol and subcellular pellets of normal and diabetic rats was investigated. Rat lung was homogenized and subcellular fractions were isolated by ultracentrifugation. Degradations of [125I]-insulin after incubation with lung cytosol or subcellular pellets was determined using the trichloroacetic acid method. The results show that insulin is highly degraded in cytosol and subcellular pellets. Cytosolic insulin degradation was strongly inhibited by bacitracin or sodium cholate. The degradation of insulin in the lung cytosol from diabetic rats was significantly less than from normal rat. The lung protease activity reached a maximum at pH 7.4. Enzyme inhibitors like bacitracin and sodium cholate noticeably enhanced the relative pharmacological bioavailability of insulin when given intratracheally with insulin to normal rats. Acidic insulin solutions (pH 3.0) had more pronounced hypoglycaemic effects than neutrol solution (pH 7.0). These in vitro and in vivo results suggest that the proteolytic enzymes in the lung limit pulmonary delivery of insulin. The coadministration of protease inhibitors would be a useful approach for improving the pulmonary absorption of insulin.

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