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Protein requirements of collared peccary (Pecari tajacu)

Authors
  • Borges, Rogério M.
  • Mendes, Alcester
  • Nogueira, Selene S. C.
  • Bindelle, Jérôme
  • Nogueira-Filho, Sérgio L. G.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jun 16, 2017
Volume
49
Issue
7
Pages
1353–1359
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1333-5
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

A nitrogen (N) balance digestion trial was conducted to determine the protein requirement of collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu). In a 4 × 4 Latin square design, four captive adult male peccaries were fed four isoenergy diets containing four different levels of N (11.7, 16.3, 22.8, and 26.7 g N/kg of dry matter—DM). After 15 days of adaptation, a total collection of feces and urine was carried out for five consecutive days. Regression analyses between N intake and N in feces and urine allowed to calculate the metabolic fecal nitrogen (MFN = 2.3 g N/kg of dry matter intake—DMI) and daily endogenous urinary N (EUN = 185 mg N/kg0.75). Likewise, by regression analyses between consumption of nitrogen and the nitrogen balance (NB = N ingested − N excreted, mg N/kg0.75), a daily requirement of 514 mg N/kg0.75 was calculated. Therefore, if food intake is unrestricted, collared peccaries require a minimum in their diet of about 5.4% crude protein on DM basis. These values are almost as low as those found for browsing and frugivorous wild ruminants, which reinforce the proposition that peccaries’ digestive physiology is nearer to that of domestic and wild ruminants than domestic pigs. This relatively low protein requirement of collared peccary and its great ability to digest protein reveal the relevance of the forestomach for the species on nitrogen/protein metabolism and allow the use of diets with lower crude protein levels than the commercial ones used for the domestic pig, which reduces feed costs.

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