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Protein phosphatase inhibitors exert specific and nonspecific effects on calcium influx in thapsigargin-treated human neutrophils.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Inflammation
Publication Date
Volume
22
Issue
6
Pages
631–642
Identifiers
PMID: 9824776
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

C2-ceramide but not inhibitors of phosphatase types 1 and 2A (okadaic acid, calyculin A, tautomycin) blocked store-regulated Ca2+ entry induced in human neutrophils by thapsigargin. This contrasts with previous results showing that both types of compounds inhibit Ca2+ influx in fmet-leu-phe-treated cells. In present studies, phosphatase inhibitors increased the rate of secondary Ca2+ influx in a temperature-dependent manner. Their mechanism of action appeared to be independent of phosphatase inhibition since the inactive congeners, norokadaone and tetraacetyl okadaic acid, also potentiated Ca2+ influx at similar concentrations. When Ca2+ stores were predischarged by thapsigargin, okadaic acid but not norokadaone acted synergistically with fMLP to inhibit subsequent Ca2+ entry. Results suggest that blockade of Ca2+ influx in neutrophils is mediated by a phosphorylation reaction that is prolonged by phosphatase inhibitors. The requisite phosphorylation occurs in fMLP-activated cells but may be absent in cells incubated with thapsigargin.

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