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Protein kinase C-zeta overexpression induces erythroid phenotype in the monocytic leukaemia cell line U937.

Authors
  • Mansat-De Mas, Véronique
  • de Thonel, Aurélie
  • Gaulin, Vanessa
  • Demur, Cécile
  • Laurent, Guy
  • Quillet-Mary, Anne
Type
Published Article
Journal
British journal of haematology
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2002
Volume
118
Issue
2
Pages
646–653
Identifiers
PMID: 12139760
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Previous studies have established that protein kinase C-zeta (PKC-zeta) is critical for neuronal cell differentiation. However, the role of PKC-zeta in haematopoietic cell differentiation is less clear. In this study, we have investigated the influence of PKC-zeta overexpression on the phenotype of the human monocytic U937 leukaemic cells. In two PKC-zeta-overexpressing clones (U937 zetaJ and U937 zetaB), PKC-zeta expression levels and activity were three to fourfold higher, and the enzyme accumulated both in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus compared with U937 control cells. PKC-zeta-overexpressing U937 cells exhibited an erythroid phenotype characterized by high levels of glycophorin A, cell haemoglobinization, increased GATA-1 transcripts and protein expression, compared with controls. Immunoprecipitation studies revealed that GATA-1 protein was constitutively phosphorylated in PKC-zeta-overexpressing cells. Moreover, GATA-1 did not interact with PKC-zeta but interacted with ERK1, which was constitutively activated and accumulated in the nucleus of U937 zetaJ. However, ERK1 phosphorylation inhibition by PD098059 did not influence either GATA-1 phosphorylation or GATA-1/ERK1 interaction. Collectively, these results suggest a model in which PKC-zeta induces MEK-dependent ERK1 activation, ERK1 translocation to the nucleus, GATA-1/ERK1 interaction and ERK1-independent GATA-1 phosphorylation resulting in GATA-1 accumulation. To conclude, this study provides evidence for the role of PKC-zeta in erythroid gene regulation.

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