Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is one of the key transcription factors that mediate adaptation to hypoxia. Despite increasing evidence implicating the PKC family as potential modulators of HIF-1α, the molecular mechanisms of PKC isoform-dependent HIF-1α activity under hypoxic conditions have not been systematically elucidated in cancer cell lines. Here, we collectively investigated how each isoform of the PKC family contributes to HIF-1α accumulation in the human cervical cancer cell line HeLa. Among the abundant PKC isoforms, blockade of either PKCα or PKCδ was found to substantially reduce HIF-1α accumulation and transcriptional activity in hypoxic cells. Knockdown of PKCδ resulted in a reduction of HIF-1α mRNA levels, whereas the HIF-1α mRNA level was unchanged regardless of PKCα knockdown. Upon searching for the downstream effectors of these kinases, we found that PKCα controls HIF-1α translation via AKT-mTOR under hypoxic conditions. On the other hand, one of the well-known transcriptional regulation pathways of HIF-1α, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is identified as a downstream effector of PKCδ. Taken together, our findings provide insights into the roles of PKC isoforms as additional, discrete modulators of hypoxia-stimulated HIF-1α accumulation through different signaling pathways.