Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common immune-mediated chronic inflammatory joint disease of unknown etiology. While tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) blockers have proven to be a beneficial treatment option for many patients, not all respond to such treatments. In the present study, we investigate the role of the recently discovered zinc-sensing G protein-couple receptor GPR39. To our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate the role of GPR39 in the context of RA using human fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). We found that agonism of GPR39 using its specific agonist TC-G 1008 significantly ameliorated important markers of RA, including oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, expression of proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and secretion of key matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) including MMP-1, MMP-3 and MMP-13. Furthermore, we demonstrate that these may be mediated via the Janus-kinase (JNK), activating protein 1 (AP-1), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) cellular signaling pathways. Our findings demonstrate for the first time the potential of GPR39 to mediate synovial inflammation, pannus invasion, and enzymatic degradation of articular extracellular matrix. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.