High methionine-diet (HMD) causes Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like symptoms. Previous studies have shown that Dendrobium nobile Lindle. alkaloids (DNLA) have potential benefits for AD Object: The objective of this study has been to explore whether DNLA can improve AD-like symptoms induced by HMD. Mice were fed with 2% HMD diet for 11 weeks; the DNLA20 control group (20 mg/kg), DNLA10 group (10 mg/kg), and DNLA20 group (20 mg/kg) were administered DNLA for 3 months. Morris water maze test was used to detect learning and memory ability. Neuron damage was evaluated by HE and Nissl staining. Levels of homocysteine (Hcy), beta-amyloid 1-42 (Aβ1-42), S-adenosine methionine (SAM) and S-adenosine homocysteine (SAH) were detected by ELISA. Immunofluorescence and western blotting (WB) were used to determine the expression of proteins. CPG island methylation levels were accessed by Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) and MethylTarget methylation detection. Morris water maze test revealed that DNLA improved learning and memory dysfunction. HE, Nissl, and immunofluorescence staining showed that DNLA alleviated neuron damage and reduced the 5-methylcytosine (5-mC), Aβ1-40) and Aβ1-42) levels. DNLA also decreased the levels of Hcy and Aβ1-42) in the serum, along with decreasing SAM/SAH level in the liver tissue. WB results showed that DNLA down-regulated the expression of amyloid-precursor protein (APP), presenilin-1 (PS1), beta-secretase-1 (BACE1), DNA methyltransferase1 (DNMT1), Aβ1-40) and Aβ1-42) proteins. DNLA also up-regulated the proteins expression of insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE), neprilysin (NEP), DNMT3a and DNMT3b. Meanwhile, DNLA increased CPG island methylation levels of APP and BACE1 genes. DNLA alleviated AD-like symptoms induced by HMD via the DNA methylation pathway. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at [email protected].