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Prostaglandin F2 alpha stimulates cAMP phosphodiesterase via protein kinase C in cultured human granulosa cells.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
0303-7207
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
82
Issue
2-3
Pages
207–214
Identifiers
PMID: 1724435
Source
Medline

Abstract

To investigate the involvement of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase in the antigonadotrophic actions of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), human granulosa cells were cultured in serum-supplemented medium for 72 h, treated for 30 min with cloprostenol or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and then exposed to human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) +/- isobutyl-methylxanthine (IBMX) for a further 4 h. In the absence of IBMX, cloprostenol and PMA inhibited hCG-stimulated progesterone production. However, in the presence of 0.5 mM IBMX, inhibition of phosphodiesterase prevented these antigonadotrophic effects. Phosphodiesterase activity was assessed by a novel direct assay performed on intact cells after 3 days of culture. PGF2 alpha, cloprostenol and 4 beta-PMA all enhanced cAMP degradation whilst an inactive phorbol ester (4 alpha-PMA) had no effect. Down-regulation of protein kinase C by 4 beta-PMA pre-treatment prevented the subsequent stimulation of phosphodiesterase activity by both cloprostenol and 4 beta-PMA. We conclude that the antigonadotrophic actions of PGF2 alpha in cultured human granulosa cells involve a stimulation of cAMP phosphodiesterase mediated via protein kinase C.

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