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Prostaglandin F2 alpha stimulates cAMP phosphodiesterase via protein kinase C in cultured human granulosa cells.

Authors
  • Michael, A E
  • Webley, G E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1991
Volume
82
Issue
2-3
Pages
207–214
Identifiers
PMID: 1724435
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

To investigate the involvement of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase in the antigonadotrophic actions of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), human granulosa cells were cultured in serum-supplemented medium for 72 h, treated for 30 min with cloprostenol or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and then exposed to human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) +/- isobutyl-methylxanthine (IBMX) for a further 4 h. In the absence of IBMX, cloprostenol and PMA inhibited hCG-stimulated progesterone production. However, in the presence of 0.5 mM IBMX, inhibition of phosphodiesterase prevented these antigonadotrophic effects. Phosphodiesterase activity was assessed by a novel direct assay performed on intact cells after 3 days of culture. PGF2 alpha, cloprostenol and 4 beta-PMA all enhanced cAMP degradation whilst an inactive phorbol ester (4 alpha-PMA) had no effect. Down-regulation of protein kinase C by 4 beta-PMA pre-treatment prevented the subsequent stimulation of phosphodiesterase activity by both cloprostenol and 4 beta-PMA. We conclude that the antigonadotrophic actions of PGF2 alpha in cultured human granulosa cells involve a stimulation of cAMP phosphodiesterase mediated via protein kinase C.

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