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Properties of uracil transport by vegetative mycelium of Trichoderma viride.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
FEMS microbiology letters
Publication Date
Volume
171
Issue
2
Pages
161–165
Identifiers
PMID: 10077840
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The transport of radioactively labelled uracil into submerged mycelium of T. viride was measured by means of a membrane filtration technique. It was found to be time-dependent (up to 90 min) and concentration-dependent (up to 8 mmol l-1). Its concentration dependence was biphasic and consisted from the saturatable part (at the uracil concentration below 0.2 mmol l-1) with KM = 0.08 +/- 0.02 mmol l-1 and Vmax = 1.74 +/- 0.3 nmol (mg dry wt.)-1 h-1, and from the region at higher uracil concentration which showed only a weak saturatability with the substrate. The transport measured in the saturatable part of the curve was also pH- and temperature-dependent. The optimal pH was between 5.4 and 6.4 and the optimal temperature was at 37 degrees C. The activation energy of 54 kJ mol-1 and the temperature quotient of Q10 = 2.1 could be calculated from the temperature dependence. The entry of uracil was in part inhibited by nucleobases and their analogues, nucleosides, nucleotides and amino acids. The inhibitors had similar inhibitory efficiency about 50% at 0.2 mmol l-1. 3,3',4',5-tetrachlorosalicylanilide (TCS), the uncoupling agent, significantly inhibited the uracil transport, but its inhibitory efficiency decreased upon increasing the uracil concentration. Ionophore antibiotics valinomycin and monensin also inhibited the uracil transport. Inhibitors of RNA-polymerase, rifamycin and rifampicin were without effect. The results suggest that at low uracil concentrations (below 0.2 mmol l-1), its transport is mediated by a carrier and is driven by the electrochemical potential of protons. At higher uracil concentrations, the transport may be driven by the concentration difference of uracil with the contribution of the protonmotive force. It is feasible that inhibitors of uracil transport tested exert their inhibition by the dissipation of the driving force rather than by the direct competition with the substrate-binding site.

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