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Properties of echoic memory revealed by auditory-evoked magnetic fields

Authors
  • Kinukawa, Tomoaki1
  • Takeuchi, Nobuyuki2
  • Sugiyama, Shunsuke3
  • Nishihara, Makoto4
  • Nishiwaki, Kimitoshi1
  • Inui, Koji5, 6
  • 1 Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan , Nagoya (Japan)
  • 2 Aichi Medical University, Neuropsychiatric Department, Nagakute, 480-1195, Japan , Nagakute (Japan)
  • 3 , Gifu University, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Gifu, 501-1193, Japan , Gifu (Japan)
  • 4 Aichi Medical University, Multidisciplinary Pain Center, Nagakute, 480-1195, Japan , Nagakute (Japan)
  • 5 Institute for Developmental Research, Department of Functioning and Disability, Kasugai, 480-0392, Japan , Kasugai (Japan)
  • 6 National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Department of Integrative Physiology, Okazaki, 444-8585, Japan , Okazaki (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scientific Reports
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Aug 22, 2019
Volume
9
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-48796-9
Source
Springer Nature
License
Green

Abstract

We used auditory-evoked magnetic fields to investigate the properties of echoic memory. The sound stimulus was a repeated 1-ms click at 100 Hz for 500 ms, presented every 800 ms. The phase of the sound was shifted by inserting an interaural time delay of 0.49 ms to each side. Therefore, there were two sounds, lateralized to the left and right. According to the preceding sound, each sound was labeled as D (preceded by a different sound) or S (by the same sound). The D sounds were further grouped into 1D, 2D, and 3D, according to the number of preceding different sounds. The S sounds were similarly grouped to 1S and 2S. The results showed that the preceding event significantly affected the amplitude of the cortical response; although there was no difference between 1S and 2S, the amplitudes for D sounds were greater than those for S sounds. Most importantly, there was a significant amplitude difference between 1S and 1D. These results suggested that sensory memory was formed by a single sound, and was immediately replaced by new information. The constantly-updating nature of sensory memory is considered to enable it to act as a real-time monitor for new information.

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