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Properties of the Continuous Assessment of Interpersonal Dynamics Across Sex, Level of Familiarity, and Interpersonal Conflict.

Authors
  • Hopwood, Christopher J1
  • Harrison, Alana L2
  • Amole, Marlissa3
  • Girard, Jeffrey M3
  • Wright, Aidan G C3
  • Thomas, Katherine M4
  • Sadler, Pamela5
  • Ansell, Emily B6
  • Chaplin, Tara M7
  • Morey, Leslie C8
  • Crowley, Michael J9
  • Emily Durbin, C10
  • Kashy, Deborah A10
  • 1 University of California, Davis, CA, USA.
  • 2 University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA.
  • 3 University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
  • 4 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.
  • 5 Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 6 Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA.
  • 7 George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.
  • 8 Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.
  • 9 Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
  • 10 Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Assessment
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
27
Issue
1
Pages
40–56
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1073191118798916
PMID: 30221975
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The Continuous Assessment of Interpersonal Dynamics (CAID) is a method in which trained observers continuously code the dominance and warmth of individuals who interact with one another in dyads. This method has significant promise for assessing dynamic interpersonal processes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of individual sex, dyadic familiarity, and situational conflict on patterns of interpersonal warmth, dominance, and complementarity as assessed via CAID. We used six samples with 603 dyads, including two samples of unacquainted mixed-sex undergraduates interacting in a collaborative task, two samples of couples interacting in both collaborative and conflict tasks, and two samples of mothers and children interacting in both collaborative and conflict tasks. Complementarity effects were robust across all samples, and individuals tended to be relatively warm and dominant. Results from multilevel models indicated that women were slightly warmer than men, whereas there were no sex differences in dominance. Unfamiliar dyads and dyads interacting in more collaborative tasks were relatively warmer, more submissive, and more complementary on warmth but less complementary on dominance. These findings speak to the utility of the CAID method for assessing interpersonal dynamics and provide norms for researchers who use the method for different types of samples and applications.

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