Proceedings of the 9th conference of the European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry, ECMI 96, Technincal University of Denmark. The use of mathematical models in industry is steadily growing. There is a continous need in industry for new and efficient mathematical techniques, and university mathematicians get inspiration from industrial demands. The European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry aims to create contact between industry and academia, and to promote research in industrial mathematics. This book contains a broad spectrum of mathematics applied to industrial problems. Applied mathematics, case studies, and review papers in the following fields are included: Environmental modelling, railway systems, industrial processes, electronics, ships, oil industry, optimization, machine dynamics, fluids in industry. Applied mathematicians and other professionals working in academia or industry will find the book to be useful and inspiring source of mathematical applications related to industrial problems.