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Programs to Prevent Violence Against Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review.

Authors
  • Edwards, Katie M1
  • Kumar, Manasi2
  • Waterman, Emily A3
  • Mullet, Natira4
  • Madeghe, Beatrice2
  • Musindo, Otsetswe5
  • 1 University of Nebraska - Lincoln, NE, USA.
  • 2 University of Nairobi, Kenya. , (Kenya)
  • 3 Bennington College, VT, USA.
  • 4 North Dakota State University, Fargo, USA.
  • 5 Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trauma Violence & Abuse
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2024
Volume
25
Issue
1
Pages
593–612
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/15248380231160742
PMID: 36964686
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Violence against children-which includes maltreatment (including physical, sexual, psychological and emotional violence, and neglect), bullying (including cyberbullying), youth violence (including physical assault with or without weapons), intimate partner violence (including exposure to domestic violence and direct involvement in teen dating violence), and sexual violence-continues to present itself as a significant public health crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) leading to numerous short- and long-term deleterious outcomes. As such, the prevention of violence against children in SSA is a critical public health priority. In this systematic literature review, we identified 45 articles that reported on results from 22 programs that seek to reduce violence against children in SSA. Results suggested that programs that focus on (1) economic strengthening, (2) teachers schools, (3) entire families, (4) caregivers only, and (5) children only are generally effective in reducing violence against children by promoting focused action on the mechanisms of change (e.g., parenting skills, enhanced parent-child relationships, resistance skills for children). To date, no research in SSA has examined the impact of policy interventions on childhood victimization or community-level interventions to change norms and values that support violence against children. Future research is needed to examine the impacts of comprehensive efforts to prevent violence against children in SSA as well as factors that predict uptake and sustainability of such prevention efforts in SSA.

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