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Program adherence and coping strategies as predictors of success in a smoking treatment program.

Authors
  • Kamarck, T W
  • Lichtenstein, E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1988
Volume
7
Issue
6
Pages
557–574
Identifiers
PMID: 3215162
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Ninety-four participants in a 6-week behaviorally oriented smoking cessation program were administered weekly questionnaires assessing their use of the major program recommendations and other quitting strategies throughout treatment. An "affect-regulation" coping inventory was administered at the beginning and end of treatment as well. Adequate adherence was reported for most of the program recommendations. Although a composite measure of adherence did not predict quitting success, adherence and coping assessments were associated with maintenance of treatment gains. Short-term maintenance was associated with an extensive affect-regulation repertoire and use of "stimulus control" strategies during the program, and long-term maintenance was associated with consistent self-monitoring of smoking during treatment. These prospective findings highlight some behavioral characteristics that may be useful targets in future efforts to foster maintenance of smoking behavior change.

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