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Prognostic significance of T-cell infiltrates, expression of beta 2-microglobulin and HLA-DR antigens in breast carcinoma.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pathology - Research and Practice
0344-0338
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
190
Issue
12
Pages
1134–1140
Identifiers
PMID: 7792204
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In this study immunohistological staining was used to assess the presence of T-cell infiltrates and the expression of beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-m) and HLA-DR antigens on tumor cells of 75 ductal invasive carcinomas. The results were compared with the morphometric prognostic index (MPI) that seems to be the most accurate prognostic predictor. The extent of T-cell infiltrates differed widely between tumors, but statistically significant correlation was found only with the lymph node status, namely, tumors with a high degree of infiltration had predominantly negative lymph nodes and vice versa (p < 0.05). Only 19 (25.3%) out of 75 carcinomas were beta 2-m+, 34 cases (45.3%) showed heterogeneous staining pattern and 22 tumors (29.3%) were completely negative. We could not find any significant correlation between beta 2-m expression and MPI or T-cell content. While normal breast epithelium was always HLA-DR negative, tumor cells displayed positivity in 25 cases (33.3%), 5 tumors (6.7%) were completely positive and 20 tumors (26.7%) displayed only focal expression of class II antigens. This expression did not correlate with any single prognostic parameter, nor with MPI. The results suggest that T-cell infiltrates and the expression of histocompatibility antigens can not be accepted as prognostic indicators in breast carcinoma.

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