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The prognostic role of baseline CEA and CA 19-9 values and their time-dependent variations in advanced colorectal cancer patients submitted to first-line therapy

Authors
  • Tampellini, M.1
  • Ottone, A.1
  • Alabiso, I.2
  • Baratelli, C.1
  • Forti, L.3
  • Berruti, A.4
  • Aroasio, E.1
  • Scagliotti, G. V.1
  • 1 AOU San Luigi Gonzaga, SCDU Oncologia, Orbassano, Italy , Orbassano (Italy)
  • 2 Ospedale San Giovanni Bosco, SC Oncologia, Torino, Italy , Torino (Italy)
  • 3 AOU Maggiore della Carità, SCDU Oncologia, Novara, Italy , Novara (Italy)
  • 4 Università di Brescia, Oncologia Medica. Azienda Ospedaliera Spedali Civili, Dipartimento di Specialità Medico-Chirurgiche, Scienze Radiologiche e Sanità Pubblica, Brescia, Italy , Brescia (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Tumor Biology
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Nov 06, 2014
Volume
36
Issue
3
Pages
1519–1527
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s13277-014-2693-3
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Serum marker evaluation is an easily available prognostic indicator that may help clinicians to discriminate patients with an aggressive disease; there are few and small-sized studies exploring the prognostic role of baseline carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) values and their variations during first-line therapy, and even fewer data are available for carbohydrate antigen 19–9 (CA 19-9). Our aim was to analyze the role of those prognostic markers to exploit them in daily clinical practice. Data of 892 patients with marker determination before and 3 and/or 6 months during therapy were extracted from two institutional databases. Patients were grouped according to single marker variation as always negative (G0), decreasing (G1), stable (G2), or increasing (G3). We evaluated the progression-free survival (PFS) and the overall survival (OS) of all the patents and correlated them with CEA and CA 19-9 values. A concordance between response to therapy and marker decrease was evident in 50.2 % and in 34.4 % of the patients for CEA and CA 19-9. Patients with low CEA or CA 19-9 baseline values had a longer PFS (15.1 vs. 10.5; 13.6 vs. 10.2 months) and OS (32.0 vs. 22.3; 30.5 vs. 20.1 months). The same results of PFS and OS were obtained by analyzing the data of the four different groups. Multivariate analyses confirmed the independent prognostic role of CEA and CA 19-9. Baseline CEA and CA 19-9 levels and their kinetics demonstrated to be independent prognostic factors. CA 19-9 dosage is not recommended; a possible role of CA 19-9 in patients with negative CEA could be worth further evaluation.

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