114 epileptic children were followed up after discontinuation of anticonvulsive therapy. Seizures recurred in 35 (30%). The relapse rate was high in psychomotor attacks and in combination of multiple seizure types. Only in psychomotor attacks was seizure frequency in relation to relapse. There also was a relation of relapse to mental and motor retardation, beginning puberty and onset of epilepsy between 3--7 years. The EEG before drug withdrawal was a poor prognostic criterium, worsening of EEG findings after drug withdrawal, however indicated an unfavourable outcome.