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Profiles in time: Understanding the nature and outcomes of profiles of temporal focus.

Authors
  • Shipp, Abbie J1
  • Gabriel, Allison S2
  • Lambert, Lisa Schurer3
  • 1 Department of Management and Leadership.
  • 2 Department of Management and Organizations.
  • 3 Department of Management.
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of applied psychology
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2022
Volume
107
Issue
9
Pages
1640–1654
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1037/apl0000950
PMID: 34618521
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Individuals chronically vary in the extent to which they think about the past, present, and future. This individual difference-temporal focus-relates to a variety of work and life outcomes including affective well-being, job performance, and career success. Although it has been proposed that people can simultaneously focus on the past, present, and future (Lewin, 1943), tests of this idea within the organizational sciences remain scarce, with scholars instead focusing on the independent predictions of each aspect of temporal focus. As such, contradictory findings exist regarding the benefits of each dimension. In an effort to advance the discussion of temporal focus in the organizational literature, we present two studies that utilize latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine how people think about time holistically, uncovering initial profiles of past, present, and future temporal focus (Study 1) and demonstrating their effect on important work outcomes related to affect (e.g., job satisfaction, affective commitment) and withdrawal at work (e.g., turnover intentions, absenteeism, lateness; Study 2). Combined, our findings offer theoretical and practical implications that clarify conclusions about temporal focus in organizations and suggest directions for future work. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

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