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Profiles of psychosocial adversity and their associations with health risk behaviors and mental health outcomes in young adults.

Authors
  • Woerner, Jacqueline1
  • Overstreet, Cassie2
  • Amstadter, Ananda B2
  • Sartor, Carolyn E1
  • 1 Yale University School of Medicine, USA.
  • 2 Virginia Commonwealth University, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of health psychology
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
25
Issue
12
Pages
1882–1893
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1359105318780504
PMID: 29911440
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Adverse psychosocial experiences operate simultaneously to affect mental health and behavior. The current study used mixture modeling to identify subgroups of young adults based on experiences of four types of psychosocial adversity and characterize their associations with depression, anxiety, world assumptions, substance use, and sexual risk behavior. Sexual assault, physical assault, and discrimination (interpersonal adversity) showed similar patterns within each group but diverged from neighborhood disadvantage in two groups. Groups characterized by higher interpersonal adversity reported the most negative health outcomes. Findings highlight variations in the co-occurrence of adverse experiences and differential links to risky health behaviors and mental health.

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