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Products of cultured neuroglial cells. III. Release of an 85,000 molecular weight glycoprotein by C6 glioma cells in vitro.

Authors
  • Shitara, N
  • McKeever, P E
  • Smith, B H
  • Pleasants, R E
  • Banks, M A
  • Kornblith, P L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of neurochemistry
Publication Date
Oct 01, 1982
Volume
39
Issue
4
Pages
948–953
Identifiers
PMID: 7119794
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

With [3H]fucose as a marker, C6 glioma cells in culture released an 85,000 molecular weight molecule into the medium as the major extracellular glycoprotein. The quantity and extracellular/cytoplasmic ratio of this glycoprotein suggest that its cellular processing is different from that of five other released glycoproteins of molecular weights 55,000, 115,000, 130,000, 150,000, and 170,000. Nearly 40% of newly synthesized glycoproteins in the cells was released into the culture medium. Major glycoproteins retained by the cells migrated electrophoretically to molecular weight positions of 82,000, 110,000, 120,000, 140,000, and 160,000, and approximately one-third of these returned glycoproteins were labile to trypsinization. Both synthesis and release of these macromolecules were inhibited more than 95% with cycloheximide treatment, demonstrating that nearly all fucosylation was linked to protein synthesis. Since 40% of all glycoproteins was released under conditions of more than 99% cellular viability, it is likely that these extracellular glycoproteins are physiological products of membrane turnover and secretion, but not of cell lysis. The results provide a basis for the further study of glial differentiation and of shed glioma antigens.

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