This paper attempts to explore the relationship between productivity, efficiency and technological change in Indian ports. By employing a comparative static framework, we have shown that Indian ports have witnessed a significant technological metamorphosis in terms of capital use. Increasing use of overhead capital has produced significant improvement in productivities. These findings have important implications for the application of new technology in the port sector in LDCs, particularly in India. As technology has become truly global and old geographical barriers have been narrowing, the future growth of a port has become highly contingent upon how fast it accommodates the new technology and improved services.