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Production of heterogeneous carbohydrate-binding proteins by the host snail Biomphalaria glabrata following exposure to Echinostoma paraensei and Schistosoma mansoni.

Authors
  • Monroy, F P
  • Loker, E S
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of parasitology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1993
Volume
79
Issue
3
Pages
416–423
Identifiers
PMID: 8501600
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Hemolymph lectins may play an important role in the internal defense responses of gastropods to parasites. Two groups of known carbohydrate-binding polypeptides, of 150-220 kDa (designated as group 1 molecules, or G1M) and of 75-130 kDa (group 2 molecules, or G2M), were harvested from pooled plasma samples of Biomphalaria glabrata using affinity chromatography and examined using 2-dimensional electrophoresis. Plasma samples were derived from control snails or snails exposed 8 days earlier to the trematodes Echinostoma paraensei or Schistosoma mansoni. Plasma of control and S. mansoni-exposed snails contained little or no G1M, whereas plasma from E. paraensei-infected snails contained G1M covering a broad pI spectrum. G2M resolved as 1-2 isoforms in control plasma and up to 4 relatively faint isoforms in plasma from S. mansoni-exposed snails, and as 5-6 resolvable isoforms in plasma from E. paraensei-infected snails. Plasma from individual snails contained as many as 5 G2M polypeptides following exposure to E. paraensei. Exposure to trematode larvae stimulated production by B. glabrata of increased abundance and diversity of carbohydrate-binding proteins. The 2 trematode species provoked different responses, and 2 B. glabrata strains studied (M line and 13-16-R1 strains) differed from one another in their responses.

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