The nutritional behavior of a cellulolytic nitrogen-fixing shipworm bacterium, Teredinobacter turnirae, is described, with respect to various carbon and nitrogen sources, in terms of endoglucanase production. Also, the effects of various surfactants on enzyme production are reported. Among the carbon sources, sucrose results in the maximum enzyme production, followed by cellulose. Ammonium phosphate proves to be the best nitrogen source for endoglucanase production. Various surfactants enhance the enzyme titers, with Triton X-100 yielding the best results. A combination of the above-mentioned components improves the enzyme production by 3.6-fold.