Affordable Access

Production of diacylglycerol by exogenous phospholipase C stimulates CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase activity and phosphatidylcholine synthesis in human neuroblastoma cells.

  • Slack, B E
  • Breu, J
  • Wurtman, R J
Published Article
Journal of Biological Chemistry
American Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
Publication Date
Dec 25, 1991
PMID: 1662212


The involvement of endogenous diacylglycerol production in the stimulation of phosphatidylcholine synthesis by exogenous phospholipase C was examined using a neuroblastoma (LA-N-2) cell line. Phospholipase C treatment (0.1 unit/ml) of intact cells stimulated CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase activity significantly more effectively than did maximally effective concentrations of the synthetic diacylglycerol sn-1,2-dioctanoylglycerol (1 mM). When added to cells together with phospholipase C, oleic acid, but not dioctanoylglycerol, further increased cytidylyltransferase activity with respect to phospholipase C treatment alone, indicating that the enzyme was not maximally activated by the lipase. This suggests that the lack of additivity of diacylglycerol and phospholipase C reflects a common mechanism of action. The time course of activation of cytidylyltransferase by phospholipase C paralleled that of [3H]diacylglycerol production in cells prelabeled for 24 h with [3H]oleic acid. Diacylglycerol mass was similarly increased. Significant elevations of [3H]oleic acid and total fatty acids occurred later than did the increases in cytidylyltransferase activity and diacylglycerol levels. No significant reduction in total or [3H]phosphatidylcholine was elicited by this concentration of phospholipase C, but higher concentrations (0.5 unit/ml) significantly reduced phosphatidylcholine content. The stimulation of cytidylyltransferase activity by phospholipase C or dioctanoylglycerol was also associated with enhanced incorporation of [methyl-14C]choline into phosphatidylcholine. Dioctanoylglycerol was more effective than phospholipase C at stimulating the formation of [14C]phosphatidylcholine, and the effects of the two treatments were additive. However, further analysis revealed that dioctanoylglycerol served as a precursor for [14C]dioctanoylphosphatidylcholine as well as an activator of cytidylyltransferase; and when corrections were made for this effect, the apparent additivity disappeared. The results indicate that the generation of diacylglycerol by exogenous phospholipase C (and possibly the subsequent production of fatty acids via diacylglycerol metabolism) activates cytidylyltransferase activity in neuronal cells under conditions in which membrane phosphatidylcholine content is not measurably reduced.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times