Eight multiparous and 4 primiparous Jersey cows averaging 92 d of lactation were utilized in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square design with 28-d periods to determine responses to bovine somatotropin (bST) and ruminally protected Met and Lys when diets were fed that contained supplemental fat. Treatments were 1) control [no bST or ruminally protected amino acids (AA)], 2) control plus bST, 3) control plus ruminally protected AA, and 4) control plus bST plus ruminally protected AA. Dry matter intake was increased by bST but was unaffected by ruminally protected AA. Milk yield was increased by bST but was not altered by ruminally protected AA compared with the control diet. The bST tended to increase percentages of fat and total solids in milk and increased yields of fat, protein, 3.5% fat-corrected milk, and total solids. Ruminally protected AA increased percentages of fat, protein, and total solids in milk; however, yields of milk components were unaffected by ruminally protected AA. Body weight and body condition scores were unaffected by treatment. Concentrations of essential AA in plasma were unaffected by bST administration. Ruminally protected Met and Lys increased the concentration of Met and tended to increase the concentration of Lys in plasma. The lack of an increase in yields of milk and milk protein when ruminally protected AA were fed suggests that adequate amounts of Met and Lys were supplied by the control diet and protein reserves of the cows to meet the AA requirements for synthesis of milk and milk components.