PROCESSING AND APPLICATION OF POLYMERIC BIOMATERIALS: RECENT ADVANCES AND PERSPECTIVES. Biomaterials have been intensively investigated due to the increase in the elderly population and high prevalence of several disorders, such as cardiovascular and orthopedic diseases. Polymeric and composite polymeric materials in combination with different processing techniques, such as electrospinning, solution blow spinning, ultrathin film preparation, and 3D printing are promising for obtaining biomaterials with patient-specific applications. Here, we provide a review on recent advances and perspectives for synthetic and natural polymers as well as composites in the design of biomaterials. After introducing basic information about biomaterials, we describe the fundamentals of manufacturing techniques and highlight possible biomedical applications.