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Problems in realization of large-scale ensemble silicon-based NMR quantum computers

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Preprint
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arXiv ID: quant-ph/0201083
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arXiv
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Abstract

Problems in realization of silicon-based solid-state NMR quantum computer with ensemble addressing to qubits are considered. It is presented the extension of Kane's scheme to ensemble approach version with strip gates. For the initialization of nuclear quantum states it is proposed to use the solid-state effect in ENDOR technique whereby the nuclear spins can be practically fully polarized or, that is the same, indirect cooled to the spin temperature less than ~ 1 mK. It is suggested the possible planar silicon topology of such ensemble quantum computer and shown that the measurement with standard NMR methods signal of L ~ 10^3 qubit system may be achieved for a number of ensemble components N >= 10^5. As another variant of ensemble silicon quantum computer the gateless architecture of cellular-automaton is also considered. The decoherence of quantum states in the ensemble quantum computers and ways of its suppression is also discussed.

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