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Probing and Manipulating the Lateral Pressure Profile in Lipid Bilayers Using Membrane-Active Peptides—A Solid-State 19F NMR Study

Authors
  • l., stephan
Publication Date
Apr 20, 2022
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ijms23094544
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/1422-0067/23/9/4544/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

The lateral pressure profile constitutes an important physical property of lipid bilayers, influencing the binding, insertion, and function of membrane-active peptides, such as antimicrobial peptides. In this study, we demonstrate that the lateral pressure profile can be manipulated using the peptides residing in different regions of the bilayer. A 19F-labeled analogue of the amphiphilic peptide PGLa was used to probe the lateral pressure at different depths in the membrane. To evaluate the lateral pressure profile, we measured the orientation of this helical peptide with respect to the membrane using solid-state 19F-NMR, which is indicative of its degree of insertion into the bilayer. Using this experimental approach, we observed that the depth of insertion of the probe peptide changed in the presence of additional peptides and, furthermore, correlated with their location in the membrane. In this way, we obtained a tool to manipulate, as well as to probe, the lateral pressure profile in membranes.

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