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Probation Officers' and Supervisors' Perspectives on Critical Resources for Implementing Specialty Mental Health Probation.

Authors
  • Van Deinse, Tonya B1
  • Crable, Erika L2, 3
  • Dunn, Charlotte4
  • Weis, Jessamyn4
  • Cuddeback, Gary4, 5
  • 1 University of North Carolina At Chapel Hill School of Social Work, Chapel Hill, USA. [email protected]
  • 2 Evans Center for Implementation and Improvement Sciences, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
  • 3 Department of Health Law, Policy & Management, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
  • 4 University of North Carolina At Chapel Hill School of Social Work, Chapel Hill, USA.
  • 5 Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, Chapel Hill, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Administration and policy in mental health
Publication Date
May 01, 2021
Volume
48
Issue
3
Pages
408–419
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10488-020-01081-8
PMID: 32929638
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a qualitative study designed to explore and identify the resources that probation officers need to implement specialized mental health probation caseloads, a promising practice that enhances mental health treatment engagement and reduces recidivism among people with mental illnesses. Our research team conducted a directed content analysis guided by the Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model (PRISM) to analyze qualitative interviews with 16 specialty mental health probation officers and their supervising chiefs. Results indicated five components and resources related to multiple PRISM constructs: (1) meaningfully reduced caseload sizes (intervention design), (2) officers' ability to build rapport and individualize probation (organizational staff characteristics), (3) specialized training that is offered regularly (implementation and sustainability infrastructure), (4) regular case staffing and consultation (implementation and sustainability infrastructure), and (5) communication and collaboration with community-based providers (external environment). Agencies implementing specialized mental health probation approaches should pay particular attention to selecting officers and chiefs and establishing the infrastructure to implement and sustain specialty mental health probation.

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