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Probability density based gradient projection method for inverse kinematics of a robotic human body model.

  • Lura, Derek
  • Wernke, Matthew
  • Alqasemi, Redwan
  • Carey, Stephanie
  • Dubey, Rajiv
Published Article
Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2012
DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6347553
PMID: 23367488


This paper presents the probability density based gradient projection (GP) of the null space of the Jacobian for a 25 degree of freedom bilateral robotic human body model (RHBM). This method was used to predict the inverse kinematics of the RHBM and maximize the similarity between predicted inverse kinematic poses and recorded data of 10 subjects performing activities of daily living. The density function was created for discrete increments of the workspace. The number of increments in each direction (x, y, and z) was varied from 1 to 20. Performance of the method was evaluated by finding the root mean squared (RMS) of the difference between the predicted joint angles relative to the joint angles recorded from motion capture. The amount of data included in the creation of the probability density function was varied from 1 to 10 subjects, creating sets of for subjects included and excluded from the density function. The performance of the GP method for subjects included and excluded from the density function was evaluated to test the robustness of the method. Accuracy of the GP method varied with amount of incremental division of the workspace, increasing the number of increments decreased the RMS error of the method, with the error of average RMS error of included subjects ranging from 7.7° to 3.7°. However increasing the number of increments also decreased the robustness of the method.

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